Reading Groups

The Welfare State, Economic Equity, and Economic Growth

Run by Chalem Bolton of the University of Michigan, this group explores the relationship between economic equity and growth and how it is influenced by redistributive policies. Growth and equity are often thought of as opponents to one another: some level of inequality is necessary to promote economic growth that makes everyone better off. Many progressive thinkers reject this characterization, but I don't think they often explore ways growth and equality may actually benefit each other. Approaching these ideas from a problem-solving perspective has the potential to generate new sociological research questions and contribute to solutions to problems of inequality and economic stagnation.

The group will focus on higher education funding and access in its four scheduled meetings over the first part of 2022. Higher education is frequently tied both to egalitarian and inequitable economic outcomes and has major implications for economic growth. We will read a mix of original research and policy reports on the topic to consider whether changes in the provision of this key public good could contribute to equitable growth.

Please contact Chalem Bolton ( if you would like to be added to the group's listserv and calendar invites or if you need the Zoom link for a meeting.

Early 2022 Details and Schedule

Day and time: Select Tuesdays 1-2pm EST (noon-1pm CT)

Zoom link: contact Chalem or see calendar invite


February 8th (2/8)

Grey Gordon and Aaron Hedlund 2021. Accounting for Tuition Increases across U.S. Colleges

March 1st (3/1)

2021 Urban Institute report Impact of State Higher Education Finance on Attainment

March 29th (3/29)

2017 College Futures Foundation report Securing the Public Trust: Practical Steps toward Higher Education Finance Reform in California

April 19th (4/19)

Peter Q. Blair and Kent Smetters 2021. Why Don't Elite Colleges Expand Supply?

Labor Movement

How can we revitalize the labor movement to reverse inequality, beat financialization, and win worker protections from the state?

Unions once served as the “core equalizing institution" of American capitalism, as sociologist Jake Rosenfeld demonstrated in What Unions No Longer Do. In the 1950s, union membership in the U.S. was on par with Germany, Finland and Canada. Now the share of workers who engage in collective bargaining here is nowhere close to levels in those countries. The role of unions as a “countervailing power” against big business has nearly disappeared. Since the 1970s, the fall of union density has been the reverse image of the rise in income inequality and financialization. Workers’ power, wages, and dignity have suffered.

How can we change that?

We invite you to answer this call in a reading group. A new labor movement is rising. Teachers are launching illegal strikes in "red" states, “essential” workers are walking out of warehouses, hospitals, and restaurants, pension funds with worker representation are weaponizing “labor’s capital,” graduate students are unionizing, and service sector employees are winning a $15 minimum wage. Chiefly, we seek to understand “how labor can win” in America’s gigged, financialized, and plutocratic economy. We will therefore survey a variety of initiatives and strategies put forth in today’s labor movement. We aim to examine these issues through a sociological lens.

Perhaps the most important task of this book club will be to brainstorm new methods and lines of research that can illuminate the many ways, new and old, in which people can use collective action in the workplace to expand economic and political democracy. We hope this reading group can serve as a wellspring for innovative sociological research that can deliver practical value to aspiring employee activists, organizers, and policymakers.

Will you join us? If so, please write to Teke Wiggin ( and Devin Wiggs ( with a brief description of your interests and propose any books/articles/issues you would like the group to eventually discuss. We plan on meeting for an hour once a month to discuss articles or a book that the group decides to read. We hope our first meeting will take place during the third week of January.

For our first meeting, we will read a primer on the latest developments in the American labor movement: sociologist Jake Rosenfeld’s "US Labor Studies in the Twenty-First Century: Understanding Laborism Without Labor."